The Red deer (Cervus elaphus) is the largest land-mammal in the UK. They are a native species but they are confined to the Scottish Highlands, south-west England and a few other small, scattered populations. Red deer graze on grasses and dwarf shrubs e.g. heather and bilberry. Woody browse, e.g. tree shoots, is taken when other food is limited during winter. However, grazing of tree shoots and agricultural crops puts red deer in conflict with farmers and foresters due to economic damage.
Did you know...? Male European red deer have a distinctive roar during the rut, which is an adaptation to forested environments and the male deer roars to keep his harem of females together.